呼吸康复计划中同时实施IMT和EMT以实现训练改善

公司动态 2022-05-13
呼吸康复计划中同时实施IMT和EMT以实现训练改善







国际权威的医学学术期刊Clin Interv Aging近日刊登了一篇关于老年慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者两种不同呼吸训练方案(呼吸训练器)的比较研究《Comparative study of two different respiratory training protocols in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease》。








文章概要如下




研究目的:本研究的目的是比较阈值吸气肌训练(IMT)和呼气肌训练(EMT)在老年男性中度COPD患者中的作用。


研究方法:本研究招募了40例中度COPD男性患者。随机分为两组:IMT组以最大吸气压的15% ~ 60%为强度进行吸气训练(吸气肌训练器),EMT组以最大呼气压调整为强度进行呼气训练(呼气肌训练器)。两组患者在服用处方药物的同时,每周接受3次训练,持续2个月。


研究结果MT和EMT组在用力肺活量、第一秒用力呼气容积、第一秒用力呼气容积比预测值%、用力肺活量比预测值%方面均有显著改善,两组间无差异。两种类型的训练都能显著改善血气(sao2、PaO2、PaCO2和HCO3),其中吸气肌组效果最好。两组在6分钟步行距离上均有显著改善:吸气肌组增加约25%,呼气肌组增加约2.5%。


研究结论在肺康复项目中,IMT和EMT都必须实施,以实现肺功能测试、呼吸肌力、血氧和6分钟步行距离的改善。


▶引用文献:

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For more information, please refer to the original text [Mehani SHM. Comparative study of two different respiratory training protocols in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clin Interv Aging. 2017 Oct 12;12:1705-1715.]

【注】本公众号学术类文章旨在研究分享,所有内容以英文原文为准,图文如有侵权请联系我们!


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